The largest wine producers

The largest wine producers in the world are Italy and France, which are in recent years alternating as leaders regarding the quantity of produced wine. Spain is quite safe on third place with the production of wine at around 35.000 thousands of hectoliters. And with the first three places reserved for those three countries one might think, that wine market is determined and unchangeable.

But a closer look to the figures reveals some interesting trends. It is obvious that something is going on in so-called »new« wine countries such as Chile, Australia and South Africa, which are constantly increasing their production and are making their way in what used to be a very traditional industry.


*Volume in million of hectoliters; Source: International Organisation of Vine and Wine

Country 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Italy 42,7 45,6 54,0 44,2 48,8
France 50,7 41,5 42,1 46,8 47,3
Spain 33,3 31,1 45,3 38,2 36,6
United States 19,1 21,6 23,5 22,0 22,1
Argentina 15,4 11,7 14,9 15,1 13,3
Chile 10,4 12,5 12,8 10,5 12,8
Australia 11,2 12,3 12,3 12,0 12,1
South Africa 9,7 10,6 10,9 11,3 11,3
China 13,2 13,5 11,8 11,8 11,2
Germany 9,1 9,0 8,4 9,2 8,9
Portugal 5,6 6,3 6,2 6,2 6,7
Russia 6,9 6,2 5,3 4,9 4,9
Romania 4,0 3,3 5,1 3,7 4,0
Hungary 2,7 1,8 2,6 2,5 2,8
Brazil 3,4 2,9 2,7 2,7 2,7
Rest of World 29,693 27,948 33,910 29,445 29,922
World 267,803 258,211 292,218 270,234 275,665

The largest wine consumers

Once the largest consumers were the same countries as the biggest producers, but wine consumption in »the old Continent« is significantly decreasing in recent years (although the trend might vary from country to country, this seems to be the overall trend). A steady decline in wine consumption in Europe is connected to health concerns and changing trends in culture. On the other hand, wine is becoming more and more popular in Southern and Western countries and statistic from Statista are claiming that nowadays the US is the largest wine consuming country.

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Who is growing and who is decreasing?

At the peak, the world’s vineyard surface area was almost 8 million ha in 2003 and has been decreasing substantially since then. Europe, which once had 62.5% (year?) share of the total world’s vineyards surface, lowered the share to 56% in 2012. While all the other regions are increasing their shares, especially China which increased vineyard surface area for almost 20% between 2008 and 2012.

Source: BKWine Magazine 

Grape growing acreage, ‘000 hectares in 2012 since 2008 (!)  
Spain 1018 -13%
France 800 -7%
Italy 769 -7%
China 570 +19%
Turkey 517 +1% mainly grape production
USA 407 +1%
Portugal 239 -3%
Iran 239 -18% mainly grape production
Argentina 221 -2%
Chile 205 +4%
Romaina 205 -1%
Australia 169 -2%
South Africa 131 -1%
Greece 110 -4%
Brazil 91 -1%
Hungary 64 -11%
New Zealand 37 +7%

More diversity is more choice

Global trade in wine is a market worth more than 25 billion euros and around 40% of all wine is consumed in another country than where it was produced. “New” production countries are bringing new ideas and tastes and are therefore sharpening the market. And all of this is a good news for wine lovers across the world. More competition means more diversity and more choice for whatever your taste is.

 

Sources:

International Organisation of Vine and Wine
Statista
BKWine Magazine